NIITS Vitaly Yusufova has developed a smart city strategy for Sochi. One of the proposals is to create an electronic register of Sochi hotels and a system of accounting for tourist expenses
The National Research Institute for Technology and Communications (NIITS), the subsidiary of Aikominvest of businessman Vitaly Yusufov, has developed a smart city strategy for Sochi. The document is at the disposal of RBC. The head of NIITS Alexander Minov said that this is a pilot project for the company.
“Smart City” is a city-planning concept of integration of information and communication technologies and the “Internet of things” for the management of urban property.
In April 2017, by order of the Sochi administration, a working group was established to implement the Smart City program. It included representatives of the city’s authorities, as well as several NIITS employees.
The strategy for Sochi is divided into four stages. At the first, in 2018–2020, pilot applications and services should be created to “solve the most acute urban problems”. For example, an application with the working title “My Sochi / Tour” will contain a register of tourist sites, an event calendar and an electronic tourist assistant.
Among the main problems for the development of tourism at the moment, the document indicates the high cost of trips and lack of competitiveness of services. This, in turn, is affected by the high share of the transport component in the price of the product, the lack of qualified personnel, the lack of an analytical base of tourism resources and reliable statistics, the unsatisfactory condition of sea water and beaches, the lack of entertainment infrastructure, the seasonal nature of the tourism product and other factors.
To change the situation, it is proposed to manage traffic in such a way as to minimize congestion, introduce a single ticket for transport, introduce multilingual services to help tourists in terms of booking tickets, finding places to stay, etc.
The tourism platform, in addition to the electronic register of accommodation facilities and tourist resources, will take into account arriving and leaving tourists, as well as their expenses, support the process of selecting tickets, ordering transport, places of residence, food, entertainment, help promote the tourism product through photo and video materials, virtual tours and augmented reality.
In addition to the service for tourists, at the first stage of the implementation of the strategy, it is also proposed to create My Sochi / travel applications (with its help it will be possible to purchase a transport ticket and record it on a map, find out information about routes, estimate the fare on a tariff calculator, etc. .); “My Sochi / apartment” (payment of housing and communal services, entering meter data, informing about ongoing work); “My Sochi / Health” (choice of medical organization, appointment with a doctor, payment for services); “My Sochi / nature” (map of landfills and pollution of the sea, treatment of citizens and tourists, register of nature protection zones); “My Sochi / textbook” (electronic diary, contactless pass and payment for meals, informing parents); “My Sochi / investor” (filing and evaluation of applications for an investment project, documentation on objects of bidding, electronic transactions); “My Sochi / citizen” (citizens’ appeals,
As explained to RBC, the first deputy head of Sochi, Anatoly Rykov, so far only a strategy has been formed. In April, by order of the city administration, a working group was established to implement the Sochi Smart City program. ” “Companies that offer to introduce one or another element of the“ smart city ”regularly contact the city administration. But this is a chaotic story, and we need a system – a document that we can work on, including contacting an investor, ”he said.
The amount of necessary funding and sources of funds for the project have not yet been determined. “Many components of the project are already being implemented as part of the provision of state and municipal services. On the other hand, extrabudgetary funds from the hotel industry, entertainment and logistics will be used, ”Rykov explained.
Data Centers Predict Digital Economy Failure Due to Ministry of Energy Idea
The initiative of the Ministry of Energy to introduce a fee for an unused electricity reserve from July 2020 will lead to the degradation of the data processing market. As a result, without spare capacity, companies cannot ensure the development of the Digital Economy
Market participants in commercial data centers (DPCs) are asking for information infrastructure facilities, including data centers, to be freed from the need to pay for an unused power reserve. This is stated in the letter of the director general of the Autonomous Non-Commercial Organization “Coordinating Council for Data Centers and Cloud Technologies” Dmitry Bederdinov to the Minister of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Media Konstantin Noskov (RBC has a copy, Bederdinov himself confirmed the authenticity). ANO participants are companies that account for about 65% of the capacities of the Russian market of commercial data centers.
This is the initiative of the Ministry of Energy to introduce from July 1, 2020 a fee for consumers for an unused reserve of energy capacity. According to the draft government decree, which is still being approved, all electricity consumers, excluding citizens, will have to pay for unused reserves if they used less than 60% of the connected capacity.
According to Bederdinov, the need to cover the costs of paying for unused and reserve capacity will significantly increase the companies’ spending on electricity. This is especially critical for those data center market participants who are in the process of development, have not yet reached design levels and have significant reserved capacities, he is sure. The ANO warned that the initiative could lead to:
- an increase in the cost of basic data center services by 50%;
- decrease in investment attractiveness of the industry;
- failure to fulfill the objectives of the national program “Digital Economy” in terms of its section
A similar letter, according to Bederdinov, was sent to the Minister of Energy Alexander Novak.
The representative of the Ministry of Communications said that the letter was received. The Ministry of Energy did not answer RBC questions.
How justified are the fears
According to iKS-Consulting forecast, in 2019 the market for commercial data centers will grow by 26.9% and amount to 36.2 billion rubles. The number of racks or standard cabinets installed in such centers for equipment placement (one of the main indicators for the data center market) will increase by 10.8%, to 43.5 thousand units. According to experts, in the near future the creation of the State Unified Cloud Platform (Gosoblako), which is envisaged by the national program Digital Economy, will actively influence the market of commercial data centers. Approvedat the end of August, the project concept provides for a phased transfer to this platform of departmental information systems. In addition, the national program assumes that in 2020 Russia will occupy 5% of the global market for data storage and processing services, and by 2025 – 10%.
Director of Strategy and Marketing Communications of Rostelecom – Data Center Vidia Zheleznov noted that letters sent to departments reflect the agreed market position. “Payment for an unused capacity reserve will lead to an increase in the financial burden on data center operators, and project payback periods will be increased,” said Zheleznov. “The vector of the project of introducing payment for the reserve of electric grid power is directly opposite to the goals of the national program.
IXcellerate’s managing director Dmitry Fokin believes that a fee for a reserve of capacity can lead to a decrease in the competitiveness of the Russian data center industry, losses to market participants and even their bankruptcy. At the same time, according to Fokin, the data center needs to have reserve capacity. “In summer, energy consumption is higher than in winter, as it requires more energy for cooling. Also, the consumption of data center services is growing gradually, capacities are added at large intervals, so market participants are forced to receive them for future use in advance, ”he says.
According to him, a data center that has already been filled and has been operating for a long time consumes about 70% of the declared capacity per year, while the “young” one only 20-30%.
Linxdatacenter CEO Olga Sokolova believes that the initiative of the Ministry of Energy looks strange against the background of a lack of data center capacities in Russia and the growing demand for their services. “Both the business and the government need data center services, for which ensuring a basic level of infrastructure is critical. A key component in this process is the ability of the data center to guarantee the uninterrupted operation of the entire complex of IT systems. And without a guaranteed supply of electricity, no data center can exist, ”she said.
However, the Director General of AMD Technologies Maxim Sohan points out that the Russian data center market is quite mature, and many customers can accurately predict and calculate the size and phasing of the load. In his opinion, if the government’s decree on the payment of the reserve comes into force, market participants will begin to more carefully make calculations at the start of the project, apply more energy-efficient technologies, and the market is likely to “find an opportunity to mitigate the effects of low cost operating costs through technical solutions” .
According to the head of the “Community of Energy Consumers” Vasily Kiselev, the initiative of the Ministry of Energy will lead to an increase in fees for consumers by about 340 billion rubles. in year. He noted that the reserve referred to by the Ministry of Energy is a conditional paper value, in fact, there are no capacities in the energy system that are fully reserved for the consumer, according to the application for technical connection. Nowhere in the world is there a charge for capacity reserve, Kiselev concludes.